The fundamental problem with all this is these are cases that arrests should never have happened. I get that under the letter of the law a PA CO isn't covered under LEOSA in NY or NJ. However, there are good reasons for a PA CO to carry while off duty. Considering PA and NJ and NY border each other (and it's not like crossing the border to another country), it is not unreasonable for officers from either state to end up just over the border of either state. Perhaps back and forth through the course of a day. Surely he can't be expected to keep locking his gun up or bringing it home each time. Some common sense should prevail in these cases and officers from any of these states, whether covered under the letter of the LEOSA law or not should be allowed to carry across the borders. If a PA CO is hit by a drunk driver you don't throw the book at him over carrying while across the border.