RULES FOR SHOOTING A SHOT GUN - Hunting - Open Discussions - Long Island Firearms

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Get the latest facts on the new NY SAFE gun laws that effect you!



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11 replies to this topic

#1 PaPaBear


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Posted October 19 2011 - 10:44 AM

                                                                   SHOT GUN RULES
1. Make sure your shotgun fits
A shotgun should flow naturally and smoothly to the shoulder, cheek to stock and master eye looking straight down the barrel. When a shotgun fits, the transition to this shooting position is second nature. The barrel automatically becomes an extension of the shooter's line of sight.

Take your shotgun to a gunsmith, and let him check its fit against your physique. If it's a misfit, he can make stock adjustments so it will rise and point naturally.

2. Practice shooting in the preseason
Too many duck and goose hunters leave their shotguns in their gun safes until opening day. Then they wonder why they can’t hit anything. The easy answer is, they're out of sync.

This problem is easily corrected with some pre-season shooting practice. A dove field is one of the best possible training grounds for waterfowl hunters. Doves present the same relative angles and distances as ducks and geese, and because of the liberal bag limit on doves, shooters get to practice these shots repeatedly.

Shooting sporting clays is another practice option. Contact a sporting clays manager, and ask if you can come and choose certain stations to shoot over and over. Select those stations that are most relevant to waterfowl hunting: in-coming ducks, overhead geese, springing teal, etc. Stay on a station until you’ve mastered it, then move on to the next. Such repetition locks in your mind the right sight picture for breaking targets consistently. This transfers to your waterfowl hunting.

3. Don't get in a hurry
A key reason for missing ducks and geese is shooting too fast. Some hunters think they have to shoot quickly before the birds flare out of range. The truth is, when hunters wait that extra second or two when waterfowl are coming in, then rise up to shoot, there's plenty of time to take three deliberate, well-spaced shots before the birds get too far away. Consciously slow your pace. Don't be jerky when mounting your shotgun. Don't rush your shots. Try not to compete with your hunting partners. Just take your time, and focus solely on hitting your target

4. Shoot one bird at a time
When a flight of ducks comes into the decoys, many hunters shoot ... at the flight! They don't single out one bird, and concentrate strictly on it. An incoming flight of ducks is 95 percent air. This is why you need to lock in on one bird and stay with it until it drops. Don't "flock shoot." Don't switch targets. Don't let the excitement of the moment shatter your focus.

5. Shoot the trailing bird in a flight
Take the last or highest bird in an incoming fight. When ducks or geese are about to land, most hunters focus on the closest, lowest, easiest shot, and two or more hunters wind up shooting at the same bird. Instead, take a trailer with the first shot. Then your shotgun will be in the right plane to shoot flaring birds on the second and third shots. Also, you'll have the satisfaction of knowing you downed birds that no other hunters were shooting.

6. Rely on instinct to calculate lead
There is no mechanical system for figuring and holding proper leads. It's all instinct. When tracking a bird, focus on the front of the target (look for the bird's eye), swing the gun and allow your mental computer to calculate the right amount of lead. It's like throwing a rock through a rolling tire. You don't think about lead. You just look at the tire, and throw the rock, and your internal processor automatically determines how far to lead it. It's the same with shooting waterfowl.

7. Don't stop swinging
Stopping the swing with the shotgun is one of the most common reasons for missing ducks and geese. You must follow through with your shot! Try stopping your club when hitting golf ball, and see what happens. This wrecks your timing and coordination. The same thing happens when you stop swinging your shotgun. Keep the barrel moving after firing. Having good follow-through is the proper conclusion to any athletic effort, be it shooting at a duck, swinging a golf club or throwing a ball.

8. On long passing shots, lead more than you think you need to
On long passing shots, the main reason for missing is shooting behind the bird. Force yourself to hold more lead than you think you need, and again, keep the barrel moving.

Practice long crossing shots on a skeet range. Stand 10 yards behind station No. 4 – the one in the middle – and fire repetitive shots at targets crossing at 90 degrees. This allows you to experiment and learn how much lead is needed at this distance and target speed. And it builds confidence in your ability to make this difficult shot.

9. When waterfowl are coming head on, blot them out and fire
When a bird is coming head-on and level, wait until it's in good killing range, then mount the shotgun so the barrel is below the target, and swing up and through the bird. When the front of the barrel blots out the target, pull the trigger. If a bird is coming head-on and descending (dropping into decoys), hold slightly beneath the bird so your shot column intercepts its glide path.

10. Attend a shooting school
This is perhaps the best single tip for becoming a better shot. Several shooting schools are available around the country. At a shooting school, a certified shotgun instructor will provide one-on-one tutoring. These instructors are trained to analyze shooting form, spot problems and correct them. Attending such a school is not cheap, but shooters can expect immediate results from their investment.


Here's the bottom line on becoming a good shot on ducks and geese: how well you shoot depends on how much effort you put into it. Sure, talent plays a role, but dedication and effort can largely make up for a lack of natural aptitude. Dedicate yourself to improving, then put the 10 tips above into practice. Your shooting average will go up, and the birds will come down

  • grifhunter, BLAMMO, Captain Will and 3 others like this

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#2 Bang stick

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Posted October 20 2012 - 04:32 PM

Aim high, keep the gun moving, and never check

#3 grifhunter


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Posted November 21 2012 - 01:24 AM

Need more threads like this.
good job!
  • CVAC085 likes this

#4 loadingdockman


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Posted November 21 2012 - 06:43 AM

Thanks PaPaBear...

#5 davygoat2


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Posted November 21 2012 - 12:27 PM

Never hurts to read and learn.
Just cause you've done it like that your whole life
Doesn't make it right.

#6 Tohrtd3


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Posted April 09 2013 - 10:25 AM

Great post. I'm a new gun owner... Going on spring turkey hunt but really looking forward to duck season. Can't wait to get out. Thanks for the tips

#7 Vertiviper



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Posted April 09 2013 - 10:27 AM

Nice list. You should add a #11:

"For G-d sake, NEVER do anything Joe Biden tells you to do with a shotgun. The actions are illegal and the results could be deadly"
  • FULL METAL JACKET and steveo83 like this



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Posted April 09 2013 - 10:29 AM

Shoot shoot shoot, practice makes perfect

#9 cMc214


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Posted April 09 2013 - 10:31 AM

I thought you just walked out onto your balcony and let off two blast? Oh wait never mind thats the Joe Biden book on Home Defense :-)

Joking aside great info PapaBear thanks!

Edited by cMc214, April 09 2013 - 10:31 AM.

  • steveo83 likes this



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Posted April 09 2013 - 11:04 AM

Thanks for the resurrection. Hadn't noticed this before.

#11 Mc LongShot

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    ummm do what now

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Posted April 09 2013 - 11:40 AM

with all the stuff in the news i feel a lot of post have been about laws or our over reaching government which is understandable but it is post like this that have made this site such a great place to find info. great post papabear

#12 staghorn


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Posted April 09 2013 - 12:24 PM

PaPaBear, I could almost hear my fathers voice when I was reading rules 4 through 10. He gave me a speech similar to what you wrote the morning he took me hunting for the first time. thanks for bringing back a great memory and for giving great advice on bird shooting.

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