Townships, Inc. Villages, etc. have their own ordinances that supersede other laws...zoning, building code, offsets, discharge ordinances, noise ordinances, etc.,,,in my town bamboo is not allowed for instance.
Now the TOH no discharge also applies to anything defined as a "firearm" which in most LI towns includes; bow, airgun, bb gun and even slingshots (can't shoot a slingshot in your backyard). Some towns like my Smithtown, does have exception if you have enough property (which fortunately I do, and can bowhunt and shoot airguns in my yard). However no one shoots guns and how the ordinance exception does not apply to this has never fully been explained by anyone I know. Now during duck hunting season I swear some of the estates by the Nissy do sneak in skeet or trap in their yards...hearing shotguns is normal then. Upstate we plink on our property all the time and even built a range...nothing like mag dumps and multiple acquisition target shooing (so much more "real world" training that a formal range IMO).
In any case the availability of a range is not a constitutional issue in any way, thought it is an inconvenience for many to have to drive an hour to a range (though that's less than most people's work commute times around here) More of a gun culture (lack thereof) / downstate political climate vs. zoning and cost of operation (insurance, zoned property, etc) thing.
Edited by Destro, May 18 2017 - 10:13 AM.